Air (fuel quality)
Through the Air Quality Program at Ecopetrol, it is sought to strengthen management on this issue in the country´s main cities across four potential lines of action:
Strengthening of monitoring networks for air quality.
Development of studies on air pollution and its health impacts.
Support for urban tree planting programs and recovery of green areas.
To do this, Ecopetrol signed agreements with the Mayor´s Offices of Bogota and Medellin through which, among other objectives, it is sought to develop a set of strengthening projects across the four lines of action mentioned above.
Pact for Air Quality in Bogota
As part of the Pact for Air Quality in Bogota, signed between the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development, the Mayor´s Office of Bogota and Ecopetrol, the following activities have been undertaken:
1.Urban tree planting:
As a result of two tree planting agreements signed with the José Celestino Mutis Bogotá Botanical Garden, and with the participation of the National Network of Botanic Gardens in the second, it was possible to plant and maintain over 3,500 trees in the districts of Puente Aranda, Kennedy and Fontibón, which are the districts most affected by air quality problems in the Capital District.
2. Strengthening of the Bogotá Quality Monitoring Network - RMCAB:
The undertaking of an agreement in conjunction with Universidad Nacional and led by the District Environment Department, which objective was to strengthen and develop meteorological and air quality modeling tools for Bogotá, ended in 2010 with the assessment of a meteorological modeling tool currently used in the city and with recommendations to the District Environment Department as the Network administrator, to strengthen the meteorological and air quality process in the city.
Also in 2011, an agreement culminated for the design and implementation of the RMCAB Quality Management System and for the development and implementation of a software tool to support the QMS.
Pact for Improved Air Quality in the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley
Through the signing of the Pact for Improved Air Quality in the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley, Ecopetrol joined the aim of working towards reducing the concentration of air pollutants in the metropolitan area, so far undertaking the following activities in conjunction with the Aburrá Valley:
Development of an agreement executed by the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley, through which four meteorological stations were bought to strengthen the air quality monitoring network in the Aburrá Valley, which were installed and began operation in 2009.
In conjunction with the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley and led by Politécnico Jaime Isaza Cadavid, an agreement was developed to conduct a study on the composition of particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) at two points in the area. The study results have shown that the concentration of PM 2.5 in the air has decreased and that the chemical composition in terms of sulfur compound content within the particles has also been reduced.
Finally, through an agreement with the Ministry of Environment of Medellin, 175 hectares were reforested in the Municipality of Medellin, and in 2011 Ecopetrol added resources to this to extend coverage by an additional 120 hectares, and for the maintenance of all areas reforested.