Energy in figures
Apr 14, 2021

Energy demand

As can be seen in Graph 2 and Table 2, energy demand in 2020 presented a decrease of 5% compared to the immediately previous year.

Table 2. Demand for Ecopetrol and its GEE in the last 7 years

Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Consumption (MWh/year)








It includes in 2020 the Vice Presidency of Production, Barrancabermeja Refinery, Cartagena Refinery (Reficar), Cenit, ODL, Ocensa, ODC, Bicentenario, Bioenergy and Esenttia.

Graph 2. History of energy consumption of Ecopetrol and its GEE


Energy intensity

Ecopetrol has an Energy Efficiency Program which aims to optimize the energy consumption of the GEE, leading to a reduction in energy consumption and consequently a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions as part of the objectives of the GHG program. decarbonization. During 2020, the implementation and maintenance of energy efficiency initiatives has generated benefits of 12.8 MMCOP, equivalent to the optimization of 3.1 MW and 684 GBTU and the reduction of 51,518 TonCO2e.

For the production segment in 2020, the energy intensity indicator (1) of the production process was 1.07 kWh / barrel, decreasing 8% compared to last year, mainly due to the decrease in the barrels produced as see in Table 3.

Table 3. Energy Intensity VPD

Year 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020

Energy intensity (kWh/bbl) (1)






This indicator covers total production fluids (crude, water and gas).

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