Business and Human Rights is one of the main pillars of Ecopetrol´s Corporate Responsibility Strategy. It focuses on guiding the behavior of the Ecopetrol Group in matters of Human Rights, by following the guidelines of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. According to this Human Rights management is based on the due diligence principle, so Ecopetrol has a Human Rights Policy, implements risks analysis, adopts actions in order to prevent, mitigate and remediate negative impacts on human rights and has a strong relationship with the State in order to make additional efforts to respect human rights.
The definition of the Human Rights plan includes the changing expectations of stakeholders, best practices and international corporate responsibility issues, in order to leverage the achievement of business objectives.
This pillar is managed based on three premises that guide the Company's actions in this matter:
To achieve this objective, Ecopetrol formulated the 2019 Action Plan, based on three sources of information:
Ecopetrol has a human rights policy, updated in 2019. Within the new version of the Human Rights Guide, the following should be highlighted:
Ecopetrol has carried out human rights risk analysis since 2013. In the last two years, it has carried out risk analysis from the regional point of view: in 2018 it carried out a risk analysis for the Oriente and Orinoquía regions and in 2019 it did it for the Magdalena Medio region. The three evaluations have been carried out by an independent third party, following the guidelines given by Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, taken into account additional standards like the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work, the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights and OCDE Due Diligence Guidance for responsible business conduct.
The most recent risk analysis in the Magdalena Medio region was carried out by Fundación Ideas para la Paz (independent expert), in ten municipalities in this region, where Ecopetrol has operations: Puerto Berrío and Yondó in Antioquia; Puerto Wilches, Barrancabermeja and Sabana de Torres in Santander, Cantagallo in Bolívar, Puerto Boyacá in Boyacá, and San Alberto, Aguachica and San Martín in Cesar.
Currently, there are risk prevention and mitigation plans for the Oriente and Orinoquía regions.
Ecopetrol provides mechanisms so that all stakeholders can express their disagreements, expectations and needs to the company, so that they can be managed and analyzed, giving timely and quality responses to requests from stakeholders.
Ecopetrol follows the provisions of the law on the “Right of Petition”, as a fundamental right.
Guías Colombia is a multi-stakeholder initiative that since 2006 has brought together companies, state entities, civil society organizations and international organizations. Its mission is to contribute to improving the situation of Human Rights and IHL in the country, by generating practical due diligence guidelines for companies that promote human rights-friendly operations.
As a sign of Ecopetrol's commitment to the implementation of the Guidelines resulting from the initiative, the company has applied the tool to identify gaps in Human Rights. In 2019 Ecopetrol apply the tool referring to the implementation of the Guide on the Purchase and acquisition of land rights and rights of use. During 2020 Ecopetrol will apply the tool related to the Guide on grievances and complaints mechanisms.